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文章分类:词汇句型 - 考研词汇句型 宣布工夫:2013-2-25 7:56:03

在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配才能十分强,根本上可以用在种种话题的议论文中,假如能将这些句型掌握并纯熟使用肯定会使你的英文写作随心所欲。想不想试一试呢?

一、扫尾句型

我们常说,精良的末尾即是乐成的一半。办事云云,作文也是云云。以是我们颇有须要在作文的扫尾花一番心思。

在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方法扫尾呢?最复杂也最常用的能够便是开门见山法。也便是说———刀切斧砍地提出你对这个题目的观念,点出文章的中央头脑。

I....has both advantages and
disadvantages.……既有利又有弊。比方:

1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages.

3.Com pared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages.

触类旁通:
1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many
disadvantages.

2....has many advantages.For example,...However,just as every
coin has two sides,...has its
disadvantages.(本例将利害离开讲,转机过渡天然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。)

II....play(s)an important role /part
in...……在……中饰演紧张脚色/起紧张作用。比方:

1.Computers play an important role in science and technology.

2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life.
   Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies.

3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind.

4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness.

触类旁通:
1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.

2.In the past,letters played a decisive role in long-distance
communication.But now ,telephone,email,fax have taken their place.

III.With the development of...,随着……的开展,比方:

1.With the developm ent of our econo- m y,m any Chinese fam ilies can
afford a car.

2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more
and more serious.

3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get
a college degree by taking online-courses at home.

4.With the current social and technological developments,employees
with more knowledge and higher academic degrees are needed.

触类旁通:
1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is
becoming more and more serious.
   随着中国生齿的急剧添加,住房题目越来越突出。

2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude towards
women is changing.
   随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改动。

3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an increasing
number of Chinese
families can afford a car.
  
随着中国变革开放的深化,越来越多的中国度庭买得起车了。(“越来越多”除了常用的more and more外,还可以用an increasing number of, a growing number of,a significant number of,a great number of等来表达。)

本构造看似牢固,实则富于变革,只需记着with有“随着”的意思,置信各人可以依据实践的需求造出更多的句子。

我们曾经看到,开门见山的扫尾使论文直切主题,直白明白地提出了论点。不外在讨论某些有争议性的题目时,就显得有完善,由于我们必需在文章的扫尾引出人们对要讨论的题目的差别见解,然后再标明本人的观念。上面便是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。

IV.When it comes to...,some people think /believe
that...,others argue /claim that opposite /reverse is true.There is probably
some truth in both arguments

/statements,but...当说到……,有些人以为……,但另一些人则持相反的观念……。这两种观念能够都有点原理,但……。

本构造先用when it comes to ...引出话题,再用some...others
...这个统一的构造引出了两种相反的观念,然后说There is some truth in
both...标明严谨公平的态度,最初用but...很天然地引出了本人的论点。请看上面这个例子:

TV,a good thing or bad thing

When it comes to TV,some people believe that it is extremely valuable,as it provides relaxation, entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities.There is probably some truth in both sides.But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad.It is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society.

二、开头句型

英语议论文多以扼要总结全文或对所讨论的题目提出处理方法来开头。总结全文时除常用到in one /a word,generally speaking等外,没有牢固形式。提出处理方法时却常运用下一句型。

V....take measures to do sth.比方:
1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the
world.

2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from
cheating on exams.

3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.

4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying
out further attacks.

本文罗列了英语作文中常用的几个句型,固然不是要各人写出如出一辙的文章来,而是盼望起到一种抛砖引玉的作用,提示各人在学习中留意多总结,以使本人的写作程度更上一层楼。

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