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英语日志的写作指南

文章分类:本领 宣布工夫:2017-6-15 9:21:40

1.写英语日志与英语学习的干系

人们常说:要真正学好英语,就要培育用英语头脑的才能。但是,要做到这一点是不容易的。有一个复杂易行的方法可以协助我们训练用英语头脑,那便是用英语写日志。日志是非常自在的文体,不像作文,必需有正式的主题,考究文体。日志是头脑,是情感,是心田的统统。有冤家来你家作客,你可以写:We had a wonderful time together. 春节快到了,你大概可以如许写:The Spring Festival is around the corner. It's the most important occasion for the family reunion.乃至在炎天与蚊子的“妥协”也可以成为日志的内容:These annoying mosquitoes didn't seem to be afraid of the mosquito coilI burned. So I had to hang up a mosquito-net. It was fun to lie inside the net reading a favorite magazine while those unpleasant small insects were looking at me helplessly outside.

实践上,用英语写日志是最无效的训练英语写作的方式。它可以让你从种种生存细节及感觉中学到最生存化、最隧道的英语词语。比方:你明天吃了龙虾,英语是 lobster;你想说某个女同窗可谓“校花”,那是 school beauty;测验作弊是 cheat in the exam,等等。因而,可以这么说:假如你能流畅地写出好的英语日志,你的英语就曾经乐成了一泰半。

 

2.写好英语日志的要点

1)养成积聚词语的习气

从某种意义上说,写英语日志又是最难的写作,由于它应有尽有,触及到生存的各个方面,对词汇的要求特殊高。因而,在一样平常学习中,必需做一个“故意人”,预备一本条记本,对一些英语的习气表达法实时记载上去,以便在当前记日志的时分可以运用。在开端记日志时,遇到一两个英语词汇不会写,无妨用汉语先写上,当前学会了英语表达,再补上去。万万不要由于一两个词写不出,就没了记英语日志的兴味,以致保持用英语记日志。只需你留意积聚,肯定会觉察本人英语日志中混合的汉语会越来越少,最初变为全部隧道的英语日志。

2)英语日志的写作款式

日志的第一行,要写来岁、月、日与星期,然后要写明当天的天气情况,假如是游记,还要写明所在。这一局部中气候情况比拟难写。上面是一些常用的形貌气候的英语词语:

晴 clear 阴 overcast 多云 cloudy 小雨 light rain

大雨 heavy rain 毛毛雨 drizzle 阵雨 shower

西风 east wind 熏风 south wind 西风 west wind

寒风 north wind 东北风 southwester 西北风 southeaster

西南风 northeaster 东南风 northwester

气温 temperature

酷热 scorching heat 冰冷 icy cold 下雪 snow

冰雹 hail 虹 rainbow

日志注释可以是叙事、描绘、阐明、谈论等种种方式。实在,由于日志黑白常随意的,因而上述文体经常联合在一同运用。日志内容取自生存,可长可短,偶然无事可记,一两句也可以。切忌明天记,今天不记,三天捕鱼,两天晒网,毁坏了记日志的情味。别的,日志也应该尽能够考究一些文采,切忌写成流水账。

3)英语日志中的缩写与省略

英语日志中的第一行的月份与星期通常都是缩写的:

Sunday----Sun Monday----Mon.

Tuesday----Tues. Wednesday----Wed.

Thursday----Thur. 或 Thurs. Friday----Fri.

Saturday----Sat. January----Jan.

February----Feb. March----Mar.

April----Apr. May----May. June----Jun.

July----Jul. August----Aug.

September----Sept. October----Oct.

November----Nov. December----Dec.

别的,英语日志中由于频仍呈现I,因而,经常省略,如:In the evening went with Xiao Li to the cinema. Finishing exercises, went to play tennis. 但假如省去I,会形成语义不清时,则不行省去:

My sister is good at English, but I am just so-so.

实践上,省与不省I,只是作者的一种习气,为了记日志的方便。

最初需求一提的是,英语日志习气一年一本,因而日期不用写年份,而只是在每年一本的日志本封面上或许在日志的第一页和最初一页加以注明即可。

 

上面三则先生日志供读者参考:

Sun., Feb. 1 Overcast

The night before the examination

The clock struck eleven at night. The whole house was quiet. Everyone was in bed except me. Under the strong light, I looked gloomily before me at a huge pile of that disgusting stuff they call“books”.

I was going to have my examination the next day. “Whencan I go to bed ” I asked myself. I did not answer. In fact I dared not.

The clock struck 12.“Oh, dear!”I cried. “Ten more books to read before I can go to bed!”We students are the most wretched creatures in the world.

测验是先生日志“永久的主题”,写得真实风趣。

Mon., May 9 Clear

A watermelon

Got a present of a watermelon cooled down in the wellfrom my next-door neighbour. As I was very thirsty, enjoyed it very much. They say the watermelons have turned out very well this summer due to the dry weather.

 

“邻人送西瓜”如许一件大事,充溢生存兴趣。固然可以作为日志的资料。文中有省略I的中央。

Thurs ., Jan . 7 Very fine

A sunny day

I got up early today to watch the sunrise. While I waited for the sun to rise, I sat beside my window and thought of my future. Soon I will be a grown man and I won't be a baby anymore. Maybe I'll be going to college if I pass the college entrance examination. I didn't want to think of not passing this important examination, for my parents are counting on me to do so.

Anyway, if I don't pass this one I should try again next year. I thought about my parents too. They have worked so hard to give us children a good life. Now, they are getting older little by little. There are more grey hairs now in Mother's hair. As for my father, he's beginning to have a hard time reading the newspaper. He use

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